|Luke 19 |
1 Then Jesus entered Jericho and passed through it.
2 And there was a man there named Zacchaeus who was a chief the tax collectors, and was rich.
3 And he was trying to see Jesus, but could not because of the crowd, for he was small in height.
4 So he ran ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, for he was about to pass that way.
5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up and saw him and said to him, "Zacchaeus, hurry and come down; for I must stay at your house today."
6 So he hurried and came down and received him joyfully.
7 But when the people saw it, they all murmured, saying, "He has gone to be the guest of a man who is a sinner."
8 Then Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold Lord, I will give half of my goods to the poor, and if I have taken anything from any man falsely, I will restore four times as much to him."
9 And Jesus said to him, "This day salvation has come to this house, for he also is a son of Abraham.
10 For the Son of man has come to seek and to save that which was lost."1
11 Now as they heard these things, he spoke another parable, because he was near Jerusalem and because they thought that the kingdom of God would immediately appear.
12 The Parable of the Talents:
He said therefore, "A certain nobleman went into a far country to obtain a kingdom for himself and then to return.
13 And he called ten of his servants to him and gave them ten talents and said, 'Do business with this until I return.'
14 But his citizens hated him and sent a delegation after him to say, 'We do not want this man to reign over us.'
15 And it came to pass, when he had returned after having received the kingdom, that he commanded these servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, so that he might know how much each man had gained by trading.
16 So the first came, saying, 'Lord, your talent has gained ten talents.'
17 And he said to him, 'Well done, you good servant!. Because you have been faithful in a very little, I give you authority over ten cities.'
18 Then the second also came, saying, 'Lord, your talent has gained five talents.'
19 And he said to him likewise, 'Take charge over five cities.'
20 Then another came, saying, 'Lord behold, here is your talent, which I have kept laid away in a handkerchief.
21 For I feared you, because you are a severe man; for you take up what you did not lay down, and reap what you did not sow.'2
22 And he said to him, 'Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was a severe man, taking up what I did not lay down, and reaping what I did not sow;
23 Therefore why did you not put my money into the bank, so that at my coming I might have collected it with interest?
24 And he said to those who stood by, 'Take the talent from him and give it to the one who has ten talents.'
25 But they said to him, 'Lord, he already has ten talents.'
26 I tell you, 'That to everyone who has, more shall be given, but from him who has not, even that which he has shall be taken away from him.3
27 But bring those enemies here who did not want me to reign over them and slay them before me.'"
28 Now when he had spoken, Jesus went on ahead, going up up to Jerusalem.
29 And it came to pass, when he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,
30 Saying, "Go into the village opposite you; where you shall find a donkey's colt tied, on which no man has ever sat. Untie it and bring it here.
31 And if any man asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' Say to him, 'Because the Lord has need of it.'"
32 So those who were sent went their way and found it as he had said to them.
33 And as they were untying the colt, the owners said to them, "Why are you untying the colt?"
34 And they said, "The Lord has need of it."
35 So they brought it to Jesus; and they threw their clothes upon the colt and set Jesus on it. [Thus Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of Zechariah: Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King comes to you, he is righteous and having salvation, meek and riding upon an ass, upon a colt, the foal of an ass. Zech 9:9]
36 And as he was going along, people spread their clothes on the road.
37 And when he had come near at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen,4
38 Saying, "Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
39 Then some of the Pharisees from among the crowd said to him, "Master, rebuke your disciples."
40 But he answered and said to them, "I tell you that if they should keep silent, the very stones would immediately cry out."
41 And when he had come near, he saw the city, and he wept over it,
42 Saying, "If you had known, even at least in this your day, the things that would bring you peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.
43 For the days will come upon you, that your enemies shall cast a trench around you and surround you and close you in on every side,
44 And they will level you to the ground, you and your children within you; and they will not leave one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation."5
45 Then he went into the temple and began to drive out those who were selling items [for sacrifice, and changing money] in it,
46 Saying to them, "It is written, 'My house is the house of prayer,' but you have made it 'a den of thieves.'"
47 And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the leaders of the people were trying to kill him.
48 But they could not find anything they could do, for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
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1 This day salvation has come to this house, for he also is a son of Abraham. For the Son of man has come to seek and to save that which was lost. Do not read this verse and think that Zacchaeus attained salvation by giving away half his goods and restoring four times what he had taken unlawfully. Jesus is salvation and He came to Zacchaeus' house; that is what Jesus meant when He said, "This day salvation has come to this house." Jesus came to Zacchaeus' house despite the criticism of going to a tax-collecting, sinner's house. Jesus came to save sinners; he did not come to call the righteous, (those who think they are righteous), because they have no need of a physician; but sinners know they have need of salvation. Despite Zacchaeus being a wicked sinner, he also was a son of Abraham, and he proved to be a spiritual son of Abraham by his immediate repentance, which is the beginning step in the journey to salvation; Zacchaeus was on the way to salvation, but certainly had not arrived at the end of the journey, which is to be totally freed from sin.
The disciples were trained, taught, and disciplined by Jesus day and night for three years; then they spent 10 days in prayer and fasting together before they experienced the sin-burning fire of the baptism of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost to free them from all sin. Zacchaeus had simply heard the gospel from Jesus and had shown immediate repentance from his ways.
Those who are persistently and patiently waiting on God, see Jesus appear in their hearts, and see Jesus bring their salvation, which is to be delivered (freed) from all sin. To wait on God is to persistently sit in humble silence, listen for his voice and words, watch for his revelations, hear his commands, and then obey Him; only those who heed and obey Him receive eternal salvation. Heb 5:9. There is no such thing as a one-shot salvation except the lies of Babylon's preachers, the merchants of death.
2 you are a severe man; for you take up what you did not lay down, and reap what you did not sow. The wicked servant is accusing the Lord of being a hard man, reaping (harvesting or taking up) where he has not sown (planted) and reaping where he has not sown. William Penn, in No Cross No Crown, writes:
If a Christian is asked, "Is Christ your Lord?" They will cry, "Of course he is our Lord; yes, He is my Lord and Savior."
"Very well; but do you keep his commandments?" [If they know his commandments they will say], "No, how should we? "
"If you don't keep his commandments, how can you claim to be his disciples?"
"It is impossible, they say. What! Do you expect us to keep all his commandments? No man can!"
So, has Christ made it impossible to be a Christian? Is Christ unreasonable?
Does He reap where He has not sown? Require where He has not enabled?
Thus, like Judas, modern Christians call Him Master, but join with the evil of the world to betray Him; and they kiss and embrace Him as superficial, pretended believers; and then they sell Him like Judas, to gratify their indulgent passions. Thus, as God said long ago, they make Him serve with their sins and for their sins too! (Isa 43:24).
Christ is in every man that comes into the world, so that every man might believe. John 1:7,9. When you sin, you drag Christ with you, through the mire and filth of your slavery, subjecting him to it all. Each time you sin, you are piercing Christ within you. If you have sorrow and regret, with resolve to not repeat the same mistake again, your godly sorrow is a soothing balm to the wounds you have inflicted.
On the day of the Lord, which all will experience, you will see whom you have pierced, and you will mourn; in addition, on that day the words He anonymously spoke to you in your lifetime, but which you ignored, will be recalled and be your judge. John 12:48. He who doesn't love me will not keep [and obey] my teachings. John 14:24.
3 The Parable of the Talents. This is the parable that Christ speaks concerning the increase of a man's heavenly treasure, the Spirit of God; a measure of which every man has received from the Lord: The manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man.. 1 Cor 12:7. Everyone must improve, or increase their given heavenly talent; otherwise, in the next life it is taken away and given to someone who has increased it. If you increase your heavenly treasure in sufficient measure to become pure and see God, you have become good and faithful servants/stewards, qualified to enter into the joy of the Lord.
The first measure of Christ is the Light, Christ, that is given to all men who come into the world so that they might believe the truth that it anonymously shows to each man about his evil behavior. Everyone also has the Holy Spirit of God, because it was poured out on all mankind at Pentecost, (Acts 2:14-21), and the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man.. 1 Cor 12:7. His Spirit is chained down, subject to your selfish spirit that rules you. This seed of God is waiting to be sought, listened to, and obeyed — which causes growth. From the seed of Christ, which is chained down within a man, Christ must increase, while the selfish, rebellious spirit of man decreases — until finally Christ appears within a man, to be seen, to be witnessed, to bring salvation, to bring the Kingdom, to bring glory to the purified believer. This seed, light, or spirit of God is your talent, which must be improved in this life; if you fail to grow it, in the next life it is taken away from you and given to another who has improved their talent, while you are cast into outer darkness as a wicked and unworthy servant. This is Step 1 — the seed, chained down. To read about steps 1 through 5, see The Mystery — Christ in You.
George Fox has a short writing on this subject in a little more detail.
4 The Jewish prophet, Daniel, prophesied the exact year of the Messiah's coming in the Book of Daniel, detailed below:
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. (Daniel Chapter 9, verse 24).
Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks [69 total weeks]. The street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times, [the rebuilders were frequently attacked by their fearful neighboring nations]. (Daniel 9:25)
69 weeks x 7 days/week=483 days. The Book of Numbers 14:33-34 and the Book of Ezekiel 4:4-6, both show us how a day is a year in Old Testament prophecy. By the Lord's explanations above, the 483 days of prophecy is really 483 years. The Messiah was prophesied by Daniel to appear 483 years after the commandment to rebuild Jerusalem's wall was to be issued, which was in 444 BC to Nehemiah. However, the Jewish year was 360 days; so adjusting for our calendar years, the time calculates: 483 years x 360 days/year=173,880 days/365.25 days/year=476 years. If we count 443 years before the birth as the first of the 476 years because there is no "Zero" year, (the years go from 1 BC to 1 AD); that leaves the prophesied date to be 476-443=33 AD "the coming of the Messiah, the Prince," very close to the time (34 AD) when Jesus made his triumphant entry into Jerusalem on the foal, to be crucified within the week. See Letters of Love to the Jews for more on this prophecy and many more extensively discussed by George Fox.
5 And they will level you to the ground, you and your children within you; and they will not leave one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation. In this verse, Jesus prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem and its people, with the complete destruction of temple because Israel did not recognize His visitation of them to have been ordered by God. His prophecy was fulfilled as described below:
The end of the Jewish Kingdom was in 70 A.D. In the first of several Jewish rebellions against Rome, most of the Jews were massacred and the temple in Jerusalem was completely destroyed by the Roman Prince, Titus, in 70 AD. Titus, who later became emperor of Rome, was the son of the Emperor Vespasian. Josephus, a first century historian, wrote that 1.1 million Jews died and hundreds of thousands were forced out of the country and into exile and slavery. The severity of Rome's destruction of Israel stemmed from The Great Revolt of the Jews against the Roman Empire in which Jewish rebels defeated the XII Roman Legion, killing 6,000 Roman troops and wounding many more — it was one of the worst defeats in Roman history, a humiliating defeat by a Jewish rag-tag group of rebels, and with loss of the legion's aquilla or Eagle, (Rome's standard); and because the Eagle symbolized Rome, (Eagle lost, honor lost; honor lost, all lost), Rome was insulted, shocked, outraged, and resolved to inflict severe retribution on the Jews.
In a later Jewish rebellion against Rome in135 A.D., the Roman Emperor Hadrian further destroyed Jerusalem and Israel. Cassius Dio, a second century historian, counted 580,000 Jews killed, 50 fortified towns and 985 villages destroyed, and all the remaining Jews exiled to countries throughout the Roman Empire and eventually scattered and re-scattered throughout the world.
And every man has a day of visitation from the Spirit of God, gently pleading with him to change his ways. And if man doesn't respond, the Spirit of God ignores him; and his temple is to be torn down similarly.
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