|Luke 20 |
1 Now it came to pass, on one of those days as he taught the people in the temple and preached the gospel, that the chief priests and the scribes came up to him with the elders,
2 And spoke to him, saying, "Tell us by what authority do you do these things? Or who is it who gave you this authority?"
3 And he answered and said to them, "I will also ask you a question. Answer me this:
4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men?"
5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say, 'Then why did you not believed him?'
6 But if we say, 'Of men,' all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a prophet."
7 So they answered that they could not tell from where it came.
8 And Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."
9 Then he spoke this parable to the people: "A certain man planted a vineyard and leased it to vine dressers and went into a far country for a long time.
10 And at harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants, so that they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard; but the tenants beat him and sent him away empty handed.
11 And again he sent another servant; and they beat him also and treated him shamefully and sent him away empty handed.
12 And again he sent a third; and they wounded him and threw him out also.
13 Then the lord of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; they will probably respect him when they see him.'
14 But when the tenants saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, so that the inheritance will be ours.'
15 So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them?
16 He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others." And when they heard it, they said, "God forbid!"
17 But Jesus looked at them and said, "Then what is this that is written, 'The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone?'
18 Whoever falls on that stone will be broken; but he on whom it falls will be ground to dust."
19 And the chief priests and the scribes wanted to arrest him that same hour, for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them; but they feared the people .
20 So they watched him, and sent out spies who pretended to be just men, so that they might catch him in something he said; then they could deliver him to the power and authority of the governor.
21 And they asked him, saying, "Master, we know that you say and teach rightly, neither do you show partiality to any person, but teach the way of God truly.
22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute [taxes] to Caesar or not?"
23 But he perceived their craftiness and said to them, "Why do you test me?
24 Show me a coin. Whose image and inscription does it have?" They answered and said, "Caesar's."
25 And he said to them, "Give therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."
26 And they could not catch him in his words before the people; but they marveled at his answer, and were silent.
27 Then some of the Sadducees came to him, who deny that there is any resurrection, and they asked him,
28 Saying, "Master, Moses wrote for us that if any man's brother dies, leaving a wife and no children, then his brother should take his wife and raise up children for his brother.
29 There were therefore seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died without children.
30 And the second brother married her and he died childless.
31 Then the third married her, and likewise all seven, and they died and left no children.
32 Last of all the woman died also.
33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife is she? For all seven had her as a wife."
34 And Jesus answering said to them, "The children of this world marry and are given in marriage;
35 But those who are counted worthy to obtain that other world and the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage; [This verse is typically read without the understanding that for those who attain purity and salvation through the inward cross of self denial, they obtain that other world, (the kingdom), and the resurrection while alive on the earth.]
36 Neither can they die anymore, for they are like the angels. And they are the children of God, since they are the children of the resurrection.
37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed in the passage about the burning bush, when he calls the Lord 'the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.'
38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living, for all live to him."
39 Then some of the scribes answering said, "Master, you have said well."
40 And after that they dared not ask him any question at all.
41 But he said to them, "How can they say that Christ is David's son?
42 For David himself said in the book of Psalms, 'The LORD said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand,
44 David therefore calls him 'Lord,' how then is he his son?"1
45 Then while all of the people were listening, he said to his disciples,
46 "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes and love greetings in the markets and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts,
47 Who devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers2. They will receive the greater punishment."
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1 The Christ was prophesied to be the son of David, coming out of the root of Jesse (David's father). Jesus asked the Pharisees, How could David's Lord possibly be his son, the Christ? The answer is that Jesus was the creator in the heavens who created the earth and heaven, long before he came in the flesh to the earth. As well, there is piece of the infinite Jesus in each man; he is the light that enlightens all men who come into the world. This spirit of Jesus in us is chained down by our lusts and pride; but as you seek the changing grace of God, this spirit grows until he finally appears in your heart, to become your true Lord in word and deed. So, Christ was David's Lord in spirit; and Christ was David's descendant son when he later came in the flesh.
2 Beware of ministers and priests who dress in long robes, who take the seats in front of everyone, up on the stage to be seen; who love to be greeted in the world with the title of Dr. or Reverend or Father; who ask, even widows, to give money for their support; who make up from their own minds lengthy prayers, making a show to impress everyone with their godliness. They love the admiration of men, they shall receive the greater punishment.
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